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Illustrated on these linked pages are some native northern Ontario wildflowers that occur in deciduous and coniferous forests around the Sudbury area, Ontario.

Deciduous forests:
The soil in a deciduous forest contains lots of humus derived from leaf litter. This condition provides the soil with good moisture retention. The soils are rich in nutrients and micro-organisms. In some areas on the Burwash land, the soil contain lots of clay. This soil contains lots of moisture. The deciduous forest floor receives lots of sunlight in the early spring, before the leaves appear.  Wildflowers bloom abundantly during this brief period in the spring. Later in the summer, after the leaves appear, more shade tolerant plants appear and bloom.

Coniferous forest:
The soil in a coniferous forest contains variable amounts of humus derived from leaf and needle litter.  The "pine" needles decay to produce an acidic soil.  Also, the "pine" needles do not decay as rapidly compared to deciduous leaves. Because coniferous trees retain their leaves all year, the coniferous forest floor does not receive the same amount of warm sunlight in the early spring. Because of all the conditions, there are different  and fewer wildflowers and plants that grow on the coniferous forest floor.

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Wildflowers found in the deciduous forest.

Pipsissewa wildflower, Burwash Ontario

 

 

Wildflowers found in the coniferous forest.

Ladysslipper wildflower, Burwash Ontario

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For more information email: ajfyon@vianet.on.ca
URL: http://www.ontariowildflower.com/forest.htm
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Andy Fyon

April 21, 2001

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