Bladder campion

Bladder Campion

Andy's Northern Ontario Wildflowers

Alien Wildflowers
Waste Areas
Part 1

Alien wildflowers on waste area, copyright 2007 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

 

Home

Alpine Wildflowers

Yukon Wildflowers

Giant Hogweed

Sudbury Wildflowers

Habitat

Plant List

Selection by Colour

Flowering period

Waste area wildflowers

Wildflower Meadows

Wildflowers of deciduous and coniferous forests

Wildflowers and plants in wet areas (lakes, bogs, beaches)

Goldenrods

Flowering Shrubs

Wildflowers and slide shows from other geographic areas: Bearskin Lake First Nation, Marten Falls First Nation, North Spirit Lake First Nation, Eabametoong First Nation, Webequie First Nation

Other "Plants"

Mushrooms + Fungi

Moss & lichen

Ferns

Burwash Scenery

Seasonal images of Burwash (Spring, summer, fall, winter)

Burwash Area Images

Local Wildlife

Birds, Animals, Amphibians, Reptiles, Insects, Butterflies, Scats and Tracks

Manitoulin Wildflowers

Manitoulin Alvar Types and Wildflowers

Shore alvar flowering plants

Open alvar pavement flowering plants

Grassland alvar flowering plants

Alvar Woodland flowering plants

Sand dune and beach plants

Items for Sale

Store - wildflower products + services

Wildflower Tours

Wildflower Note Cards

Wildflower Fridge Magnet

Wildflower Prints

Stock Images or Images for Personal and Commercial Use

Wildflower Identification Sheets

Alvar Wildflower Posters

 

Public Presentations on Geology and Wildflowers

Other Information

Geophytes

Invasive Plants

Plant Hardiness Map

Favorite Links

Reference Books

Guest Comments

Copyright Notice

Site Changes

Habitat:

Illustrated on this page are some northern Ontario alien wildflowers that occur in waste areas, wildflowers that were introduced to North America.

Waste areas occur along the roads, highways, and empty lots in the city of Sudbury.

Waste areas have soil that is dominated by sand, gravel, rock, and little organic material. Rain water either runs off quickly or percolates quickly into the porous soil. The soil drys out quickly and has little capacity to store water. Road sides, gravel pits, rock dumps, sandy areas beside sidewalks or dwellings are all typical "waste areas". Waste areas are open to wind and are VERY hot.

Tall plants in waste areas adapt by developing deep tap roots to assure access to water. Other plants are short with spreading roots. Their short size minimizes exposure to drying winds. Spreading roots rapidly "drink" rain water before it runs off or seeps into the porous soil.

    Click here for more habitat information:

 

Bouncing bet, also called Soapwort

Perennial that looks like phlox that was introduced from Europe. Not common in Sudbury area.

Flower: White or pinkish; 2.5 cm wide; 5 scalloped petals; at terminal parts of stem or branches; the flower fragrant becomes stronger during the evening and night and the plant is often pollinated by moths; July-September.

Leaves: Opposite, oval with 3-5 conspicuous veins; distinctive smaller set of opposite leaves (see following photo); 5-8 cm long.

Stem: Smooth, sparingly branched, swollen at nodes.

Height: 30-75 cm.

Interest 1: The presence of the plant usually indicates the presence of a former old homestead. The common name Bouncing Bet came because the flowers blossoms bounce up and down in a slight breeze. This action was related to the actions of an active little girl - Bouncing Bet.

Interest 2: The word Saponaria means soapy. The leaves contain a substance that makes a soapy lather when mixed with water. People once used this soap to wash hair and cloths; hence, the name Soapwort. The name officinalis indicates that the plant was thought to have medicinal properties.

Location: Manitoulin Island
Date: August 2, 2004.

Return to list

Bounching bet, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon

Bouncing bet leaves

Bouncing Bet leaves.

Return to list

White Yarrow; also known as thousand-leaf, bloodwort, milfoil, fernweed, soldier's woundwort, carpenter's weed, nosebleed; native to North America; perennial, reproducing by seed and by spreading rootstalks.

Flower: White, 5-ray petals that surround tiny yellow to light cream-coloured disc florets, each flower head is 3-5 mm across; occur as independent and terminal round or flat-topped clusters; clusters are 6-30 cm across;  June to October.

Leaves: Alternate, 4-15 cm long; divided 2 to 3 times into numerous narrow feather- or fern-like segments; woolly, bluish green; stem leaves are reduced in size upwards; smells very nice (aromatic).

Stem: smooth to woolly.

Height: up to 1 m.

Habitat: Meadows, fields, waste areas, roadsides.

Interest: The plant may have been named after the Greek person Achilles. In Greek mythology it is said to have been used by Achilles to heal his warriors during the battle of Troy - hence the name "Achillea". In Anglo-Saxon times it was used as a charm to ward off evil and illness - and as a treatment for wounds, much as Achilles used it, giving it a common name for the period of 'Soldier's Wound-Wort'. Yarrow has been used to stop bleeding by inserting leaves into the nostrils of wounded soldiers. Druids used Yarrow to predict seasonal weather. In Chinese legends, Yarrow was used to predict the future.

Language of Flowers: Yarrow means "cure for heartache". Source

Return to list

White yarrow flower, Burwash, copyright 2007 Andy Fyon, ontariowildflower.com

Location: Killarney
Date: June 26, 2005

yarrow_leaves

White yarrow leaves: First year plant with feathery leaves.

 

Return to list

White yarrow, Manitoulin Island, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

White yarrow: Close up of flowers.

Location: Manitoulin Island
Date: June 29, 2002.

 

Return to list

yarrow_winter

White yarrow clump in the winter.

 

Return to list

White Sweet clover:

Flower:Tiny white flowers are popular with bees, slender, tapering clusters; individual flowers are 6 mm long; clusters up to 20 cm long; June - October.

Leaves: The tripart, or 3-part, leaves are clover-like, fragrant; toothed, lanceolate; up to 2.5 cm long.

Stem: Smooth, branched.

Height: up to 3 m.

Habitat: A common plant of waste places, old fields, and roadsides.

Other: Alien; deep tap root. This plant was photographed on the floor of an old quarry. The red colour of the rock is the actual colour. White sweet clover was introduced to North America from Europe as a forage crop for cattle. It is also valued by beekeepers as a source of nectar for their bees. The names Melilotus, and melilot, are derived from the Greek word for honey.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 10, 2003

Return to list

sweet white clover, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Sweet white clover flower, Copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Sweet white clover flower detail.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 10, 2003

Return to list

Yellow sweet clover

Yellow sweet clover

Yellow sweet clover; biennial herb; mature, 2nd-year plants are bushy.

Flower:Tiny yellow flowers in slender, cylindrical spike clusters; individual flowers are 6 mm long; spikes are 15 cm long; flowers are crowded densely on the top 10 cm of an elongated stem;  younger flowers emerge nearest to the tip; June - October.

Leaves: Compound; alternate; each leaflet up to 2.5 cm long; 3 leaflets per leaf; lanceolate to ovate; toothed; tripart, fragrant.

Stem: Smooth, loosely branched.

Height: 60 - 150 cm.

Seeds: Seed pods are small, egg-shaped to round, inflated, and contain 1 to 4 seeds.

Habitat: Grows well in direct sunlight and in partial shade, but it cannot tolerate dense shade. Common places include roadsides, abandoned fields, railroad ballasts, pastures and any unflooded, open natural community such as a prairie.

Interest: Yellow sweet clover is an aromatic plant, but is a  member of the pea (legume) family. It is not not a true clover.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 2, 2001

Return to list

bull thistle

Bull thistle; also known as Common Thistle, Spear Thistle; introduced from Europe; biennial, reproducing only by seed.

Flower: Reddish purple, disk flowers enclosed by a spiny, cup-shaped base of yellow-tipped leaves under the flowers (bracts); large solitary flower head;  July to September.

Leaves: Narrow, spiny; pale or woolly beneath.

Stem: Prickly wings on stem.

Height: up to 1.5 m.

Habitat: Roadsides, fields.

Interest: The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland. During the reign of Malcolm I, the enemy Normans attempted to sneak up on the sleeping Scots. The Scots awoke when one Norman stepped on a thistle and cursed aloud. The Scots seized their weapons and defeated the Normans. Bull thistle is the spiniest of the thistles. The down of the thistle carries the seeds away on the wind. Many birds, including the Goldfinch, love to use the down as nesting material and they also eat the thistle seeds. The thistle down was once used to stuff upholstery.

Language of Flowers: Thistle means "austerity", "aggressiveness",  or "sternness".

See image below.

Return to list

Bull thistle flower head with resting bumblebee. The image was taken in the cool evening, so the bumblebee was not active.

Location: Guelph University Arboretum
Date: September 1, 2003

Return to list

Bull thistle flower, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Bull thistle seed, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Bull thistle seed pod.

Return to list

bull_thistle_in_winter

Bull thistle in the winter.

Return to list

Canada thistle, also known as creeping thistle, field thistle, cursed thistle, corn thistle, small-flowered thistle, green thistle; despite its name, the Canada Thistle was introduced from Europe; perennial.

Spreads by rhizome that is deep and exists below the zone of cultivation.

Flower: Pale lilac, lavender blue to purple and occasionally white (see following photo); composed of disk florets on pointed bracts; fragrant, 0.5-2 cm; July - September.

Leaves: Alternate, oblong, 5-15 cm long; curved, wavy surface, with prickly teeth, underside often covered with soft, woolly hairs; dark green.

Stem: branched, smooth, leafy and hollow, become hairy with age.

Height: 1-1.5 m.

General Interest: Despite its name, the Canada Thistle is not native to Canada. It was introduced from Europe. The Latin name arvense means "field" or "arable field" - places where the Canada Thistle loves to grow. Canada Thistle has male and female flowers on different plants. Therefore, the flowers are pollinated by wind and insects. One plant can produce more than 650 seeds!  Canada Thistle is a noxious weed in many areas.

Language of Flowers: Thistle means "austerity", "aggressiveness",  or "sternness".

Location: Guelph University arboretum
Date: September 1, 2003

Return to list

Canada thistle, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon

White Canada thistle.

Rarely, the Canada thistle has white flowers.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 31, 2001.

Return to list

Common burdock flower, Copyright 2006 Andy Fyon.
Return to list

Common burdock, also known as lesser burdock, wild rhubarb, clothbur, beggar's buttons or gypsy's rhubarb

Flower: Purple flowers on tips of prickly ball of bracts; flower heads are 1 to 3 cm across, composed of purple disc florets surrounded by several rows of overlapping hooked bracts or burs in axil of upper leaves; flower heads occur in clusters at the upper part of the plant.

Leaves: 1st year plant produces a basal rosette of leaves up to 1 m; basal leaves are up to 50 cm long and 40 cm wide, white woolly beneath; stem leaves are alternate and reduced in size upwards, are ovate to oblong; reddish stalks, woolly beneath.

Stem: Hairy, dull-green; flowering stems appear the second year; thick, hollow, and grooved, tinged with pink.

Height: Up to 2 m. See image below.

Habitat: Old fields, edges of pastures, roadsides, fence lines, river banks.

Interest: Biennial. The botanical name for burdock is Arctium. That name is derived from the Greek word for bear, a reference to the plant's rough burrs.

Language of Flowers: Means "urgent" or "touch me not". Source

Location: Burwash
Date: July 28, 2000

Common burdock leaf from a 1st year plant.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 7, 2002.

Return to list

Burdock leaf, Burwash, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Common burdock seed head, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon

Common burdock hooked burs, developed following the  flower stage.

Return to list

Common burdock plant, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon.

Common burdock plant along road side.

Location: Trout Lake Road
Date: June 11, 2006

Return to list

Common sow thistle, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Common sow thistle: also known as corn sow thistle, creeping sow thistle, dindle, field milk thistle, field sow thistle, gutweed, hare’s colewort, hare’s lettuce, hare’s palace, milk thistle, swine thistle, swinies, tree sow thistle; introduced from Europe; perennial.

Flower: Yellow; 3-5 cm; ray florets; dark green bracts below flower head; dandelion-like, tuffs of white fluff seeds when mature. See next photo.

Leaves: toothed and prickly-edged.

Stem: Few or no hairs on bracts and stem. This distinguishes the Common sow thistle from the Field sow thistle. The stem contains a bitter, milky juice.

Height: up to 2 m.

Habitat: Roadsides, edges of fields, vacant lots.

Other: A flower that is a pig?  No, but some legends state that the Perennial sow thistle is a favourite of rabbits, hence the many common folk names referring to hares. It was believed predators can not disturb a rabbit sitting beneath the plant. This is a perennial that reproduces by seed and root. The flower head looks like a dandelion, but the flower stalk is very tall, compared to the dandelion. In Ontario, the Sow Thistle is considered a noxious weed. The Latin word Sonchus means "hollow", and refers to the hollow stems.

Location: Makynen Road, Sudbury
Date: July 6, 2002.

Return to list

Common sow thistle flower, Copyright 2004 Andy Fyon.

Common sow thistle flower, some of which have gone to seed. Note the absence of tiny hairs in the floral bracts.

Location: Long Lake Road
Date: September 18, 2004.

Return to list

Common sow thistle flower.

Common sow thistle flower.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 2001.

Common sow thistle leaves. Copyroght 2002 Andy Fyon.

Common sow thistle leaves. Up to 10 cm long, prickly-edged, deeply lobed.

Location: Makynen Road, Sudbury
Date: July 6, 2002.

Return to list

Field sow thistle, also known as Creeping sow thistle, perennial sow thistle, field milk thistle, gutweed, swine thistle, marsh thistle.

Flower: Yellow; numerous; dandelion-like; 2-5 cm across; composed of ray flowers; dark-green bracts occur below the flower and are covered with tiny hairs; July-October.

Leaves: Prickly-edged, alternate leaves; lance-shaped, 6-40 cm long; lower leaves are deeply lobed with soft prickly margins; upper leaves are less deeply lobed; most leaves occur on the lower half of the stem.

Stem: Erect, hollow, milky juice, branching at the top; covered by hairs on lower half of stem.

Height: Up to 2 m.

Other: The field sow thistle is distinguished from the common sow thistle by the hairs on the bracts and stalks. It was introduced from Europe. The root system is developed as deep as 3 m below the surface, so the plant is hard the eliminate in cultivated fields.

Location: Sudbury
Date: July 10, 2001.

Return to list

Field sow thistle

Field sow thistle leaves.

Leaves on field sow thistle.

Location: Sudbury
Date: July 10, 2001.

Return to list

Pineapple weed, also known as Rayless mayweed, Rayless dog fennel.

Flower: Small, greenish-yellow disk florets; 1 mm wide; arranged in cone-shaped head; no ray florets; spring to autumn.

Leaves: Alternate, 1-5 cm long; divided several times into narrow segments; fern-like leaves give off a pineapple scent when crushed.

Stem: Branching, low.

Height: 15 to 20 cm.

Other: Annual, reproducing by seed. Resembles wild chamomile, but is leafier.

Location: Kasabonika Lake
Date: July 29, 2002.

Pineapple weed, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Return to list

Scentless mayweed, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Mayweed; also known as Stinking mayweed, Scentless chamomile, false chamomile, scentless mayweed; introduced from northern Europe and western Asia.

Family: Aster (Asteraceae)

Flower: White, daisy-like, 1 to 3 cm across, 12 - 20 ray florets; numerous yellow disc florets; occur at end of branches; June to late summer.

Leaves: Alternate, numerous, fine, lacy dissected leaves that have a very unpleasant odor; 2-8 cm long..

Stem: Low and bushy-branched.

Height: 30 to 60 cm.

Habitat: Waste ground, roadsides, vacant lots, edges of fields.

General Interest: Annual, reproducing by seed. Mayweed resembles the daisy and chamomile. Foliage may irritate skin. The formal name Anthemis is derived from the ancient Greek name for Chamomile.

Location: Pidgeon River area, Thunder Bay
Date: September 18, 2004.

Return to list

Mayweed flower detail illustrating both the ray and disc flowers.

Location: Pidgeon River area, Thunder Bay
Date: September 18, 2004.

Return to list

Scentless chamomile or stinking mayweed, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Common winter cress; also known as Bittercress, Common cress, Indian posey, Land cress, St. Barbarba herb, Scurvy cress, Upland cress, Yellow rocket.

Perennial and evergreen.

Family: Mustard

Flower: Lemon yellow; elongated clusters; 8 mm wide; 4 petals; April-August. See following photo.

Leaves: 5 rounded ears on lower leaves; upper leaves are stalkless, deeply toothed, and clasping; basal leaves are long, pinnately cut, lobed, are dark green, smooth and somewhat crispy and grow in a rosette or layered whorl.

Stem: Branched., and the

Height: 30-60 cm.

Seed Pods: Erect or upward pointing present on the stem beneath the flower cluster.

Habitat: Along moist roadsides, meadows, creeks, steam banks, and waste areas.

Other: This alien plant was introduced to North America from Europe. Early settlers used the plant as an edible and medicinal herb to prevent scurvy.

Location: Burwash
Date: May 28, 2004.

Return to list

Common winter cress, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon.

Common winter cress flower, copyright 2008 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Common winter cress flower.

Location: Burwash
Date: May 31, 2008

Return to list

Silvery cinquefoil

Flower: Yellow, at ends of white-woolly branches; June-September.

Leaves: 5 wedge-shaped leaflets are narrow with few teeth, edges are rolled inward, silvery and woolly underneath

Height: 10 - 30 cm.

Interest: During the Middle Ages, cinquefoil was commonly included in love potions.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 16, 2006.

Return to list

Silvery cinquefoil, Copyright 2007 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Rough-fruited cinquefoil flower, Copyright 2005 Andy Fyon.

Rough-fruited cinquefoil; also known as septfoil, sulphur cinquefoil, and tormentil;  introduced from Europe; perennial.

Flower: Pale yellow or creamy; notched petals; 2 cm wide; 5 petals and sepals; petals larger than sepals; May - August.

Leaves: Compound; divided into 5-7 toothed leaflets; leaf tips are rounded; 2-8 cm long.

Height: 30 - 60 cm.

Habitat: Found on the sides of old roads and around old homesteads, in soils that contains lime.

Other: Hairy, erect plant with flat topped clusters of pale yellow or creamy flowers. The pale-yellow colour of the flower distinguishes this plant from other cinquefoil plants. During the Middle Ages, cinquefoil was commonly included in love potions.

Date: June 26, 2005
Location: Killarney

Return to list

Leaves of the rough-fruited cinquefoil.

Return to list

Rough-fruited cinquefoil leaves.

Bladder campion, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon., www.ontariowildflower.com

Bladder Campion, also known as cow-bell or white bottle, bubble-poppy, and rattleweed; introduced from Europe.

Flower: Branched clusters of 5 - 30 white flowers, 10-20 mm wide, at ends of branches; 5 petals that are notched, 10 stamens, 3 styles; distinctive inflated calyx is bladder-like and 15-20 mm long, with distinctive pinkish veins.

Leaves: Opposite, ovate to lance-shaped, 3-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, stalkless; may have powdery white film on leaves.

Height: up to 1 m.

Habit: Waste areas such as road sides and fields.

General Interest: An exploding flower? The name "campion" means "growing in fields". Children (and some adults) love to squeeze the flowers to trap air in the bladder or calyx. Then smash the bladder against your hand to create a loud pop as the bladder explodes.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 4, 2009

Return to list

Evening lychnis; also known as White cockle, evening campion, campion, white campion, and white robin; introduced from Europe.

Flower: White; inflated calyx; 2.5 cm wide with distinctive green veins; the calyx often has sticky hairs; 5 notched petals; July-October.

Leaves: Opposite; hairy, ovate to lanceolate; 3-8 cm long; upper leaves have no stalk, lower leaves are stalked.

Stem: Many branches; downy.

Height: 30 - 90 cm.

Habitat: Waste areas, roadsides, fence edges, vacant lots.

General Interest: A member of Pink Family.

Language of Flowers: Lychnis means "religious enthusiasm". Source

Location: Burwash
Date: July 4, 2009.

Return to list

Evening lychnis wildflower, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Hop clover, Copyright Andy Fyon 2007, ontariowildflower.com

Hop clover

Introduced from Europe and Asia; member of Pea Family

Flower: Yellow, pea-like, clustered in roundish to oblong heads above the leaves; 20-40 flowers per cluster; flowers are 6 mm long; heads are 1-2.5 cm wide; June - September.

Leaves: Leaflets are 1-2 cm long; lanceolate to oblong, stalkless.

Stem: much branched and sprawling.

Height: 15 - 45 cm.

Habitat: Found in lawns or roadsides and waste areas.

Interest: A plant that can hop? No, the flower gets its name, "hop", because it resembles hops, the seed formed on the vine of the hop plant. Members of the Pea Family are able to grow in poor soil because they take nitrogen from the atmosphere and fix the nitrogen into the soil.

Location: Killarney
Date: June 26, 2005

Return to list

Rabbit's Foot Clover (Trifolium arvense); annual

Introduced from Europe and Asia.

Flower: Flowers occur in fuzzy grayish-pink, distinctive, cylindrical heads 2 cm long and 10-13 mm wide on on erect stems; carries many flowers; flowers are 5-6 mm long.

Leaves: Leaflets 1-2 cm long; narrow; compound with 3 leaflets; individual leaflets range from 8-25 mm in length; are linear to oblanceolate in shape.

Height: 5-40 cm.

Habitat: Found in lawns or roadsides and waste areas.

Other: The plant is named "rabbit's-foot clover because the flower head resembles a fuzzy rabbit's foot.

Return to list

Rabbit's-foot clover, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon.

Rabbit's foot clover flower, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon.

Rabbit's-foot clover flower detail.

Date: August 21, 2004.

Return to list

Mouse-ear hawkweed, copyright June 10 2005 Andy Fyon.

Mouse-ear hawkweed; introduced from Europe.

Flower: Solitary yellow dandelion-like flower; on leafless stalk; 2.5 cm wide; all ray flowers; bracts surrounding flower head covered with black hairs; June-September.

Leaves: Basal 2.5-12.5 cm long, oblong, covered with stiff hairs.

Height: 90-360 cm.

Habitat: Roadsides, parking lots, railroad sides, vacant lots, old homesteads.

General Interest: A plant with mouse ears? The mouse-ear Hawkweed tolerates soil that is nutrient-poor and is drought tolerant. Once established, the plant excludes other plants by forming a dense mat. Mouse-ear Hawkweed may also release a chemical that discourages other plants from growing nearby. In legend, Hawkweed plants were preserved in quills for good luck.

Language of Flowers: Like the other Hawkweeds, the name "hawkweed" indicated that the plant was attributed with "quick-sighted" properties.

Location: Highway 144, north of Sudbury
Date: June 10, 2005

Return to list

Mouse-ear hawkweed leaves. Note the stiff hairs that occur on the leaves.

Location: Highway 144, north of Sudbury
Date: June 10, 2005

Return to list

Mouse-ear hawkweed leaves, copyright June 10 2005 Andy Fyon.

English plantain

Flower: White; cylindrical head of tiny, spirally-arranged flowers; 3 mm long; corolla 4-lobed; 4 stamens; May-October.

Leaves: 10-40 cm long; narrow; lanceolate.

Stem: Rises from basal leaves.

Height:15-50 cm.

Other: Seeds are a favourite of wild birds.

Date: August 4, 2000.

Return to list

English plantain flowers.

English plantain leaves, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

English plantain leaves.

Location: Shequiandah Museum, Manitoulin Island
Date: June 21, 2009

Return to list

Stinging nettle

Flower: Green; 1-2 mm long, no petals; on clusters from leaf axils of upper leaves; June-September.

Leaves: Opposite; stalked; simple; coarsely toothed, heart-shaped; 5-15 cm long; rounded at base.

Stem: Hollow, 4-sided.

Height: 30-200 cm.

Other: DO NOT TOUCH THIS PLANT. It is covered with coarse stinging hairs, up to 2 mm long. The plant contains an acid that can cause a severe, burning skin irritation. The family and genus names come from the Latin word uro, meaning "I burn".

Language of Flowers: Nettle means "cruelty or slander". Source

Return to list

Stinging nettle - professor beaker

Stinging nettle, Copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Stinging nettle flower detail.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 10, 2003

Return to list

Fall dandelion - professor beaker.

Fall dandelion; also known as August flower, Dog dandelion, Horse dandelion, Lion's tooth; introduced from Europe; perennial.

Flower: Yellow; June - November

Leaves: Narrowly cut, shiny, deeply lobed, with lobes pointing forward and backward.

Stem: Wiry, without milky juice. Outer rays may be reddish beneath; branched stem with a flower head on each.

Height: 30 cm.

Habitat: Waste areas, roadsides, in sandy soil, edges of fields, along railroad tracks.

General Interest: And you thought there was only one kind of dandelion! The flower of the Fall Dandelion looks like common dandelion, but the leaves and the branched stem on the Fall Dandelion are quite different. Also, the fall dandelion blooms much later in the season compared to the common dandelion. The Latin name comes from Leontodon (lion teeth) and autumnalis (of autumn) - a reference to the lobed leaves and to the late flowering season for this wildflower.

Location: Sudbury
Date: September 1, 2001

Return to list

Fall dandelion leaves.

Location: Kelly Lake Road, Fielding Lake Park, Sudbury
Date: November 13, 2006

Return to list

Fall dandelion leaves, Copyright 2007 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Common tansy, also known as golden buttons, garden tansy, bitter buttons, hind-head, parsley-fern, ginger-plant, bachelor's buttons.

Flower: Yellow; flat-topped cluster of 20 - 200 button-shaped flower heads; heads are 5 - 10 mm wide; composed of disk flowers; July-September.

Leaves: Alternate; 5-25 cm long, 4-8 cm wide; twice divided into linear, narrow, toothed segments; aromatic.

Stem: Erect, leafy, branched towards the top.

Height: 60-90 cm.

Habitat: Roadsides, old homestead sites, edges of fields and other waste ground.

Other: Introduced from Europe and Asia as a garden herb. Erect, woody, aromatic perennial. The leaves are scented and this property may be the basis for its herbal use as an insecticide. The bitter-tasting leaves and may be poisonous.

Interest 1: It is said the Ganymede, the cup-bearer to the Greek Gods, drank a potion of tansy blossoms to ensure his immortality. It is claimed that the plant has insecticidal and deodorizing properties.

Language of Flowers: Tansy means "I declare war against you". Source

Location: French River
Date: August 14, 2003

Return to list

Common tansy, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Tansy plant, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Common Tansy plant growing in a waste area along side of a gravel road.

Location: Meldrum bay, Manitoulin Island
Date: August 5, 2010

Return to list

Common Tansy plant leaves.

Location: Meldrum bay, Manitoulin Island
Date: August 5, 2010

Return to list

Tansy plant leaves, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Top of Page 


For more information email: andy@ontariowildflower.com
http://www.ontariowildflower.com/wildflower_waste.htm
© 1999-2010 Andy Fyon

Page Created By:

webexpress_logo

Date last modified:

Andy Fyon

August 7, 2010

   Search this site                 powered by FreeFind
 

Site Map    What's New    Search